Wednesday, June 8, 2016

The Evolution of the Modern Buck Sweep - Part 1

By Bryan Schaumloffel

Author's Note:  I added some annotates and links at the end of the article.  There is a lot great material on the bucksweep and the Wing-t on the web.

In my opinion the Buck Sweep is the Wing-T and the Wing-T is the Buck Sweep.  For us, everything starts and ends with the Buck Sweep.  The faking, motion, and blocking schemes piggyback on to almost everything we do.  We spend a lot of time on the Buck Sweep.  If you go on any of the message boards you will hear, “Is installing that play expansive?”   In my opinion, the Buck Sweep IS an expensive play.  There are a lot of moving parts.  When you look at all that goes into the play: the timing of the motion, the footwork and mesh between the fullback and quarterback, the ball carrier learning how to run the play and finally the countless amount of reps the guards need to see every reaction the defense can give you, it is very consuming play.  At the National Wing-T Clinic, retired offensive coordinator of Carnegie-Mellon University in Pittsburg, Rich Erdelyi was speaking on new ideas of the Wing-T.  He was speaking of how in many ways the Jet Sweep and Rocket Sweep has replaced the Buck Sweep as their flank attack play.  I asked the question, then why do you still run it?  Coach Erdelyi paused and directly said, “Because I just love the play.”  That is how I feel about the Buck Sweep.  The Buck Sweep is not the type of play you can just rep a couple of times and expect it to be a decent play.  It takes good coaching and LOTS OF REPS. 

The commitment to the play is why a lot teams that line up in the wing formation and run a hybrid wing offense have stopped running the Buck Sweep.  The Jet/Rocket play, once you get the motion and timing down, are much easier to run.  Unlike the Buck Sweep, were a majority of the blocks have to hit for a successful play, the Jet/Rocket can find gain yards with only a few key blocks.

Even with the complexity of the Buck Sweep, the play has made a big comeback at the highest levels of football.  Today's highlights of the Buck Sweep you see on ESPN’s Game Day or Sports Center might not look the way Tubby Raymond and David Nelson at Delaware drew it up in the 1950s, but make no mistake today’s Buck Sweep has its roots in the old Wing-T Offense of yesteryear.  

"Pop" Warner
Today you will hear the term “Buck Sweep” used to describe any sweep play with two linemen pulling.  But, that use of the term is a misnomer.  The term “Buck” originates from football coaching legend Glenn Scobey “Pop” Warner’s original Single Wing offense.  The term describes a play or action by the fullback where he “bucks’ or smashes in  center of the defense front.  Coaches old enough to remember, might recall the old Swing Wing “Buck-Lateral1 play, where the quarterback would fake the “Buck” to the fullback, than lateral to the tailback for an outside attacking play.

"Buck Lateral"

When the Wing-T Buck Sweep2 was developed in the 1950’s by David Nelson and his staff at the University of Maine and later at University of Delaware, the 
“Buck” was used to describe the fake of the fullback up the middle before the QB handed the ball off to the halfback coming across the formation for a sweep to the flank.  Below is a diagram of the original Buck Sweep drawn in the book Scoring Power with the Winged T Offense, authored by David Nelson, University of Delaware and Forest Evashevski, University of Iowa in 1957.  
Bucksweep as shown in
Scoring Power with the Winged T Offense

The blocking scheme was later modernized two years later as detailed in LSU’s Coach Paul F. Dietzel’s book Wing-T and the Chinese Bandits published and again in Nelson and Evashevski’s second book The Modern Winged T Playbook published in 1962. 

Bucksweep as shown the Chinese Bandits 1959.

The Delaware Wing-T:
The Order of Football
Coach Chris Ault
Many of the new “Buck Sweeps” you see and hear about on TV do not have the “Buck” of the original Buck Sweep.  Two popular ways of running the  bucksweep today are seen at Auburn University and teams that utilize the Pistol formation with a “Pin/Pull” blocking scheme.  The pistol pin and pull scheme was made popular by former University of Nevada coach Chris Ault.  Both coaches, Auburn’s Gus Malzahn and Coach Ault have their roots in the Wing-T offense.  Coach Ault said this about his Pistol Offense, “Over my collegiate coaching career I ran the Wing-T and 1-back spread. Both of these schemes were major contributors in my development of the Pistol, which would become our signature and most dominant offense.” 3

As a young head football coach at Arkansas’s Hughes High School, Gus Malzahn turned to Tubby Raymonds, “Delaware Wing-T: An Order of Football,” and his early offenses ran it “word for word.”4 The roots of the Wing-T are evident in both Malzahn’s Offense at Auburn  and Ault’s “Horn” Play. 

Nevada's Horn Play

Coach Gus Malzahn 
Malzahn and Ault cannot monopolize the credit of the reemergence of the Buck Sweep.  Personally, I give a lot of  credit to former Head Coach Pat Murphy from Capital High School in Montana.  When Coach Murphy hit the clinic circuit around 2010 with the ideas of his Shot Gun Wing-T, it spread across the country to almost every high school Wing-T team.  Coach Murphy’s Youtube clips and website, have helped facilitate a lot of ideas and concepts.5   At one point in my coaching career, I would have questioned such a radical detour from Raymond’s, “Order of Football.” Coach Murphy along with Carnegie-Mellon’s Rich Erdelyi  another innovator with the shot gun Wing-T, have really rejuvenated a lot in what we do with our Wing-T Offense.  It is no longer dominated by the traditional under center; Sweep, Trap, Waggle.  Even though those traditional plays are still important parts of our offense, the above-mentioned coaches have provided tremendous inspiration to myself and other coaches trying to expand the offense and get “out of the book.” 6

The Evolution of the Modern Buck Sweep

The Traditional Wing-T Buck Sweep

Before we look at modern Buck Sweep, lets take a look at the original Wing-T Buck Sweep.  Below is a diagram of the traditional under center Buck Sweep. 

Like most of the original Wing-T play designs, there is a down block, kick out and lead through blocker.  The down block by the tight end and wingback set the outside edge of the flank.  The play side guard pulls deep to avoid the “garbage” of the interior line and times out the point of contact between the guard and the right angle cut of the ball carrier.  The backside guard pulls through between the wingback’s block and the play side guard’s kick out block.  The quarterback controls the midline as he reverse pivots creating a “proximity” fake to the fullback who fills for the backside pulling guard.  After handing off, the quarterback continues his fake to the opposite flank reading the defensive reaction to his movement away from the play for future play consideration.7

Auburn’s Buck Sweep:

There are many ways teams are expanding the way they are running the Bucksweep today.  First lets look at Auburn’s Buck Sweep.  There is a lot of material on the web on Auburn’s offense and their version of the Buck Sweep, so I will not go into great detail on the play.8

What separates Auburn’s Buck Sweep from others is the use of the “Sniffer” back.  Auburn will place a fullback/tight end type of player to align between the tackle and guard, one yard off the ball.  This player will carry out the same blocking responsibilities of the traditional Wing-T wing. The sniffer back would secure the flank by reaching the defensive end, similar to the way the Wing-T wing would block down on the end to secure the point of attack.  The split end who is in a reduced split will come inside and block the inside linebacker.  The play side guard will pull and kick out the defensive force player and the backside guard would pull through the hole at the point of attack.

Other Buck Sweep Ideas:

A more traditional looking Wing-T buck sweep comes from a shot gun look where teams remove a back from the backfield, drop the quarterback four to five yards from the center and add another receiver to the outside; either to the split end side as a slot or to the tight end side as a flanker. In these formations, the quarterback replaces the fullback as the inside running threat and widens the defensive front with the extra receiver.  By spreading out the offensive formation it forces the defense to make some decisions.  They can no longer load up on the tight end/wing side as is often seen when the offense goes under center.

A Shot Gun Wing-T Twins look.

A Shot Gun Wing-T look with flanker to tight end side.

As the Wing-T was created to create defensive conflicts, the extra receiver and improved running threat of the quarterback creates additional conflicts for the defense.

Even though some coaches may have been using these concepts at the same time, as I mentioned earlier, I credit Pat Murphy from Capital H.S. in Montana for really spreading the ideas of the “Shot Gun Wing-T” with the Buck Sweep.  The first I had heard of Murphy’s style of Shot Gun Wing-T was March of 2009, when a coach referenced Coach Murphy’s January 2009 article in American Football Monthly on my Message Board.  Since that time there has been several discussion of Murphy’s use of the shot gun in the Wing-T.  Soon after the article, the discussion of Murphy’s offense was everywhere. Major national coaching clinics were listing Murphy on their speaker list. According to Coach Murphy’s website his teams have been running the shot gun Wing-T since 2005.  And in the first five years of running the offense they won three state championships and had a thirty-three game winning streak.9 

Buck Sweep RPO

The “Run/Pass Option” or RPO has become almost a staple part of every college team as well as several NFL teams.  By putting the quarterback in shot gun, the “RPO” blends nicely with the Wing-T. 

Buck Sweep Bubble Read – One of the easier “RPO’s” to run is a bubble screen read off the Buck Sweep.  You can run the play as a pre-determined call or have the QB pre-snap read the defensive alignment for a Buck Sweep give or bubble option to the outside.  An interesting wrinkle to the blocking of the play is to have the split side tackle release outside to pick up the first outside defender. 

Bucksweep Comet (Key 3) – The term “Comet” will be familiar to Coach Mazzone’s NZone offense system followers.10  The “Comet” or Key Screen off the orbit or jet motion by the wingback is an interesting concept. The quarterback will pre-snap read the defense for an over adjustment to the motion.  If the defense does not react, run the Comet Screen.  If the defense adjusts to the motion run the sweep.  While it is not a true Buck Sweep with the elimination of the wingbacks block, it can be used as an effective counter away from the motion.

Buck Sweep Pop – Another idea borrowed from the Coach Noel Mazzone’s NZone system, is the Shark or Giants concept.  This variation of the Buck Sweep is a true “RPO” in that there is three options in the single play call.  The quarterback can hand off and run the sweep, throw the bubble or run the POP to the number three receiver to the trips side.  This play is very effective in controlling the inside linebacker to the trips side.  During the pre-snap read if the quarterback does not like the defensive match up against the bubble he will go directly to the Pop/Sweep Combo.  On the snap he will read the inside backer to the trips side.  If the backer crosses the center the quarterback will pull and throw the pop to the number three receiver as he runs through the inside linebackers original location.

Buck Sweep Read – The shot gun Wing-T has their own version of the zone read.  Many teams read the defensive end in the same way zone teams will read the end in their zone read.  At the snap, the QB can read the end to see if he squeezes with the tackle as the offensive lineman climbs to block the inside linebacker or instead plays the quarterback.  There is also the option having the quarterback read the end, pull, than again read the defensive for a run keep or th bubble screen.

Buck Sweep Steal (3 tech) – This play comes directly from Coach Pat Murphy, Capital High School.  The defensive tackle in the 3 technique can create an issue for the play.  In the traditional under center Buck Sweep, the fullback would be filling backside “A” gap on his fake and the center would protect the front side “A” gap.  In the Gun, there is not filling fullback and the 3 technique can a have a free rein to follow the pulling backside guard and cause havoc on the offense.  There are two ways you can handle this.  One way is to have the backside tackle scoop the 3 technique.  The other way is to have the quarterback read that 3 technique.  If the 3 technique follows the pulling guard the quarterback pulls the ball and runs a “midline” like type play replacing where the 3 tech vacated.  

Bucksweep Steal 1 tech – This variation of the play comes from Carnegie Mellon University. Earlier, we mention how the split side tackle will release outside to help block the outside on the bubble screen.  After a few releases by the tackle, the defensive end will have to make a decision, will he stay home to hold the quarterback or will he follow the releasing tackle to help defend the bubble screen.  Once the end because concerned with the bubble screen it allows the quarterback to read him with the “steal” option off the buck sweep.  The 1 technique should be engaged with the center, trying to battle across his face to help with the sweep.  The quarterback will read the reaction of the defensive end.  If the end follows the release of the tackle the quarterback will pull and run through the “B” gap.

 PART II Coming SOON!!!


4.    You can read about Malzahn’s Wing-T evolution at and  
6.    When I was a young coach, I went to every clinic I could on the Wing-T.  I would sit for hours listening to Tubby Raymond and Ted Kempski on the ins and outs of the Wing-T.  At one clinic a Wing-T coach, I believe it was Bill Zwan was almost pleading to the high school coaches, “Get out of the book!”  His point was there was more that can be done than that was only outlined in Raymond’s Order of Football.  Many coaches, myself included, only did it if Delaware did it!
7.    Blair Hrovat’s website,, does a fantastic job of going into tremendous detail on each position in running the sweep. (
8.    Excellent references to Auburn University’s Buck Sweep.

Friday, January 11, 2013

The Evolution of the Delaware Wing-T Belly Series

Any Wing-Ter worth his salt loves the Fullback Belly play.  Along with the Buck Sweep the Fullback Belly is what many Wing-T coaches have hung their hat on for many years.  The Fullback Belly or the 83/87 XB (Cross-block) in the Delaware Wing-T terminology has made many fullbacks one thousand yard rushers over its history.

In this article, I  am going to take a look at the history and evolution of the Fullback Belly play.  According to legendary Georgia Tech Coach Bobby Dodd's book titled, Bobby Dodd on Football, published in 1954, the "T" Formation was "re-introduced" to football in the 1950s.  Football teams across the nation, "began to use the 'T' formation with great success."  The "T" formation placed three running backs behind the quarterback in a straight line across the formation.  The first series of plays that Coach Dodd talks about is the 90 Series.  According to the book,

the 90-series of plays is a quick hitting series that is designed for straight blocking and that is effective against almost any defense.  Very good deception can be obtained by incorporating the "belly fake" into the off-tackle and end-run plays.

The "belly-fake" is the ride of the ball by the quarterback in the running back's belly while at the last moment pulling the ball away from the runner and either keeping the ball himself or lateraling to an adjacent runner.

According to the book, the 90 series consisted of three plays in the series, 92, 96, 98-Belly.  It is easy to see the origins of the early Wing-T Belly play come out of the foundation of the "T" formation.

Bobby Dodd's Belly/90 Series
The early Wing-T was a hybrid of the old Single Wing formation and "T" formation.  In the summer of 1950, University of Maine coaches Dave Nelson, Mike Lude, and Harold Westerman hashed out the new offense.  The following year a young assistant coach by the name of Harold "Tubby" Raymond was added to the staff. The Wing-T was later perfected at the Univeristy of Delaware by Nelson and Raymond and University of Iowa by Forest Evashevski.

The late 1950s brought a new series to the "Winged-T" offenses' of  Delaware and Iowa.  According to "The Modern Winged T Playbook," written by Nelson and Evashevski in 1961, the forty series was introduced, "to allow a blocker to reach the backers who were in position protected from the lineman assigned to block them in the lead post and trap plays."  The 40 series (later re-assigned to the 80 series) or Belly Series has been a staple of the Wing-T ever since.  The original Belly Series encompassed of a six plays, 49/41 Belly, which we would today would closely resemble 89/81 Belly Option, 49/41, which as a blocking scheme very similar to the Belly Sweep play being run today, and 44/46 Counter, which is similar to Carneige Mellon University's Joker Play. Another play was 47/43 Cross Block, which many today would refer to as the traditional Wing-T Belly play. The final plays in the series were 47/43 Power and 47/43 Power to Halfback.  The playbook also identifies additional blocking adjustments such as the Wham and Double Power.

(Author's Note:  All diagrams are drawn up exactly like they are illustrated in "The Modern Winged T Playbook.")

149 Belly
144 Counter
147 Cross Block
147 Power
147 Power to Left Halfback
The series also included two play action passes in the series, the 43/47 Cross Block Pass with extended Motion and 43/47 Wham Pass.

Lt 943 XB Pass (Extended Motion)
Run or Pass for QB
Split 147 Wham Pass

Very little changed from the Belly Series throughout the 1960s.  In the 1970s, the 51/59 Belly Option, 51/59 Keep Pass were added.  Later on, with the development of the split six defense the 82/88 Down and 81/89 Down Option were added to the Offense along with a few wrinkles such as 83/87 QB @6/4.

(Diagrams of each will be added in the future, BSchaumloffel)

The Belly Series remained for the most part unchanged throughout the 80s and into the 90s.  In the mid to late 90s, Delaware began to incorporate 21/29 Speed Sweep (Jet Sweep) into their offense.  The Speed Sweep put the halfback in flat motion across the formation with the quarterback handing off to the motion man running full speed to the flank.  This played added an additional component to the offense.  During the same time Delaware started to experiment with zone blocking the 83/87 Belly.  Delaware could now run the Belly play without the need for the HB to lead up on the linebacker at the point of attack.  This became a very effective play when married with the Speed Sweep fake where the Belly could now be run to and away from motion. The Zone Belly has been used quite effectively on the collegiate level, while some high school teams find success with the Zone Belly most continue to use the traditional Cross Block as the staple blocking scheme of the Belly.

When Coach Raymond retired from coaching in 2002 after 30+ years and 300 victories, the 2001 season marked the end of University of Delaware's use of the Wing-T.  The end of the Wing-T in Delaware was far from the  end of the offense.  In fact, this article would be incomplete if it failed to mention the numerous other coaches and universities that have influenced and contributed to this great offense and Belly series over the years.  Legendary coach Eddie Robinson from Grambling University dominated the SWAC for many years to becoming one of the winningest college coaches of all time using the Wing-T.  Herschel Moore long time coach of Cumberland University continues to this day to be one of the most influential Wing-T coaches in the Nation.  In fact much of the new "Hybrid Wing-T" concepts can be traced directly to Coach Moore.  Universities such as Carneige-Mellon in Pittsburg and former Coach Chuck Kluasing have become sources of ideas and innovative thinking that have added growth to the offense. There are still many great Wing-T coaches left teaching and sharing ideas and information.  The Wing-T and Wing-T Belly series will continue to grow and develop for years to come.

Coming soon the Wing-T Belly Series for the 21 Century!

Sunday, February 13, 2011

83/87 Belly Slide Truck @ 9/1

I really enjoyed the Glaizer clinic this weekend in New Jersey.  Coach Rich Erdelyi put on a great clinic on new ideas with the Wing-T with mulitiple formations, Belly Sweep, and Jet Sweep.

I have not used the Belly Slide concept, but on the way home I was thinking of some new ideas.

The Truck play off of Belly Slide action and a double motion concept of the Belly Slide where the HB would go in slide motion, stop and set in the B Gap and then the opposite HB would go in 3 step motion behind.  I have not worked out the timing but I do think it has some misdirection potential in both directions.

Sunday, February 6, 2011

"Developing an Offensive Game Plan"

In developing my basis for a game plan I tried to structure it in a sequence a coach would follow while breaking down an opponent's game film. This plan of attack is geared for a team using the Delaware Wing-T offense, but can be modified for just about any offense. This method is by no means the only way or best way to develop a game plan, but used to provide a structured plan while preparing to defeat your opponent. In this article I will not be discussing ways to defeat a certain defense or concept but rather an organized plan of steps I follow when developing my offense game plan.

Get a feel for the team you are playing:
Before you can get in to the details of your opponent you must recognize what they are doing defensively. The best way I feel to accomplish is to watch the entire game all the way through, taking mental notes along the way. Get a feel for the team. What kind of team are they? Do they play with emotion? Are they flying to the ball? Are they aggressive, do they gang tackle? Etc. By doing this you can acquire a better understanding of what they are doing and how you can attack them.

What kind of defense are they running?:
The first aspect you must recognize of your opponent is what kind of defense are they running? This may seem like an obvious question but not all teams run the textbook version of the defense they employ. For example a team may run the 4-3 defense, but does this really tell you what a team does defensively? There are several versions of the 4-3 defense, for example: the Miami 4-3, the under front, Pro 4-3 or do they line up and stunt all game long, etc. For every defense there are a number of different variations. As a coach you have to recognize what each team does differently.

What are the teams strengths?:
Next you want to find out what your opponent's strengths are. Are they huge up front, do they have great team speed, are they well coached and disciplined, are they a blitzing team, do they like to stunt, are they athletic, etc. You also want to locate their best player. What position does he play? Is he a impact on every play? What can you do to make him less of a factor? After you have come up with their strengths you have to ask yourself a question, do the things that we do best match up against their strengths? Are we good enough to go against their strength vs. our strength or do we have to add aspects to our game plan that will try and neutralize their strengths.

What are the teams weaknesses?:
After you have recognized all of their strengths find their weaknesses! Find ways to exploit their weaknesses to your advantage. Can you isolate your best blocker on their weakest linebacker? Are any of their down linemen too aggressive leaving them vulnerable to being trapped? Do they lose contain to the outside? Do they over pursue to the ball where reverses and counters would be effective? Does their secondary over commit to the run? Do they stay in a base defense? Etc. Realizing their weaknesses and weaker players can put you at a distinct advantage to win by exploiting what a team is trying to hide. As the old adage states a team is only as strong as their weakest link, this might still be an effective starting point on the plan of attack.

As a Wing-T team what do we want to do?:
One of the advantage points of running the Delaware Wing-T offense is the presence of the wing back. By having the wing at the end of the line of scrimmage you force the defense to adjust or become vulnerable to being out flanked. By having the wing you force defenders to commit to their responsibilities and assignments. Have a plan of attack to adjust when they "meet strength with strength." 1 As Woody Hayes once said, "Do not attack walled cities."
Another important aspect of Wing -T teams is the use of motion, shifting, and unbalanced formations. As a Wing-T coach it is imperative to have an idea on how they will react to these adjustments made by you. To help you answer these questions find out if they have played any team similar to you in the past or if you have even played them before. Were they successful against the Wing-T before? If they were, chances are they will stick with the same defense scheme. As I stated before, do they react to your wing or do they let themselves be out flanked? How do they react to an unbalanced formation? Do they shift over or do they even notice it at all?  As long time Wing-T coach Denny Creehan recommends in his book The Wing-T: A-Z unless you have game film of the team you are facing playing against a Wing-T team the film might be useless in terms of how they are going to play you.

The use of motion in the Wing-T is an integral part of the offense. The Wing-T has basically three forms of motion; three step, one step, and jet. (Authors note:  there have been more motions used recently by WIng-T teams including Rocket and Canadian.) Some teams try to react and adjust their defensive fronts, secondary, or both depending on the different types of motion. When developing your game plan try and come up with several ways of attacking the adjustments that can be made against you. What do they do when you motion, are they in man, do they rotate the secondary, do they slant to motion, shift over, change coverages, etc. Do they react differently to different types of motion?

Another concept that you can use to work on a teams weaknesses is shifting and stemming your backs and receivers. Do teams try and over play your wing flank or try and match up their best players over your formation strengths? If so shifting and stemming can often force the defense to play you straight up because of the uncertainty of where your strengths will line up. Many times you can use shifting to exploit their weaknesses or get them out of what they are trying to do? As a Wing -T coach, it is very important to ask yourself these questions when developing your game plan.

Find What Number 3 and Number 4 are doing!!
The most important numbers in developing a Wing-T game plan are 3 and 4.  When identifying defensive personnel the Wing-T numbers the defenders.  The defense is numbered inside out, starting from the gap outside the center.  It does not matter what defense your opponent is playing, you still use the same numbering system.  In a straight 4-4 Cover 3 defense for example, the defensive tackle playing in a 1 technique would be number 1, the inside line backer playing in a 30 technique would be number 2, the defensive end in a 5 technique to the split side or the a seven technique to the tight end would be number 3, the outside linebacker would be number 4, and the cornerback would be number 5.  Obviously, any or all of these could change at the snap of the ball with blitzes, stunts, and coverage changes.   The reason numbers 3 and 4 are important is because that is where you are going to start your base of attack.  Number 3 has the difficult job of trying to contain the off tackle hole while also maintaining additional responsibilities.  It is your job as the Wing-T coach to put this player in conflict.  If number 3 closes down with the offensive tackle to stop the Down play he is leaving himself open to the log in the Down Option or down block by the halfback in the Buck Sweep.  Number four most likely would be their force player.  Find out who these players are and how they react to certain plays.  This will make it easier for you call the offense during the game.  

What goes into the game plan?
What you want to do next is decide what plays you want to use in the game. The best view point I have found is if you add a new play into the game plan you must take a play out. You only have so much time during the week to practice your plays and each play must get reparations to be successful. You want your offense to look complicated, but in reality be very simplified to teach and for your players to learn. When planning your plays, attack what the defense gives you. If it is not there, attack someplace else. Do not add plays in your game plan you are not going to use. Practice the plays you have confidence in and are willing to use. Why waste time practicing a play you might use once a game? Develop your game plan with a small number of plays you can run out of any formation. This is the key to having an effective offense, not having a textbook full of plays you have only practiced once or twice during the week. Run plays your players know and have confidence in running. You as the coach should know before the game what play you want run in certain situations before the game is even played.  This is not to say that you are locked into your game plan but you are more likely to make better decisions the night before a game than during the game.

Gimmick or Trick Plays:
Gimmick or trick plays must also be develop as part of your game plan. These plays cannot only break open a game but also put the final nail in the coffin to your opponent. These plays should be used early before your opponent has a chance to use his. A coach I used to work with had a plan when he was a head coach.  He would add a new trick play every week.  This way he said he could possibly have 8 to 10 trick plays by the end of the year.

Short yardage and Two Minute Offense:
The last two important aspect of your game plan you must develop are your goal line offense and your two minute offenses. If you practice and have a good goal line and short yardage scheme it will make you a better football team. In your short yardage scheme you should really narrow your game plan to a few select plays. Choose your best plays with the ball going to your best players. If I am going to lose a game it is with my best players getting the ball. 

You should also develop a two minute offense. This part of your game plan should consist of the plays in the sequence you want to call in this situation. You do not want to be calling these plays off the top of your head during a tight game when the game is on the line. 

Other Questions to Ask:
Along with the above it might be necessary to ask your self some of the questions below when developing your game plan.
  1. Do they over play the wide side of the field?
  2. What is their goal line/short yardage defense?
  3. When do they blitz?
  4. Do they take chances and gamble? If so when and where?
  5. Do they use substitution?
  6. How do they cover the option?
  7. What coverage's do they use? Third and long, short yardage, goal line, etc.
  8. Who is their best player?
  9. How deep are their linebackers?
Developing a game plan can be done in many ways. It can be as complicated as having every play broken down from the opponents last ten games to the starting line-up from their previous game. The above information is given to try and add some of the ideas that I have learned and borrowed along the way. I am always adding new ideas to the way I develop a game plan. I believe this the cornerstone of the coaching profession, always trying to develop yourself to be the best you can be professionally and socially.

Bryan L. Schaumloffel
" - The Original Wing-T Web Page Since 1997"
  • Kraft, George C. (1992). The Fundamentals of Coaching Football, 2nd ed. Dubuque, IA: Brown.
  • Pacelli, Joseph G. (1987). Building Your High School Football Program In Pursuit of Excellence. Champaign, Illinois: Leisure Press.
  • Raymond, H.R., and Ted Kempski. (1986). The Delaware Wing-T: An Order of Football. West Nyack, NY: Parker.
  • Walsh, Bill, and Glenn Dickey. (1990). Building a Champion: On Football and the Making of the 49ers. New York: St. Martins
[Authors Note: Slight changes have been made form the original article]